Namibia is an arid country with significant geographical differences. The country can be divided roughly into 4 geographical areas: the Namib Desert including the coastal plains, the central plateau, the Kalahari sands and the densely vegetated bush field of the Kavango and the Caprivi.


The Namib Desert is at least 80 million years old and includes the whole area along the Atlantic coast. It consists of rocky plateaus and world’s highest red sand dunes, where many plants and animals live that are unique for this area, and which are adapted completely to the related climate.

Travelling north, the greener the vegetation gets. To the east, one will find huge mountains, after which the Kalahari starts, which continues deep into Botswana.

The characteristics of the Caprivi are the famous wetlands: rivers and swamps and rich vegetation. Here many birds, hippos and crocodiles are common.